A Remote and Cost-Optimized Voting System using Blockchain and Smart Contracts

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2022
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Traditional voting procedures are non-remote, time-consuming, and less secure. While the voter believes that their vote was submitted successfully, the authority does not provide any evidence that the vote was counted and tallied. In the majority of cases, the anonymity of a voter is also not certain, as the voter's details are included in the ballot papers. Many voters consider this voting system to be untrustworthy and manipulative, which discourages them from taking part in the voting, and consequently, an election loses a significant fragment of participants. Although the inclusion of Electronic Voting Machines (EVM) has increased efficiency; however, it has raised concerns over security, legitimacy, and transparency. To mitigate these problems, we have leveraged blockchain technology and smart contract facilities with a combination of AI (Artificial Intelligence) to propose a remote voting system that makes the overall voting procedure transparent, semi-decentralized, and secure. In addition, we have also developed a system that aids in boosting the number of turnouts in an election through an incentivization policy for the voters. Through the proposed virtual campaigning feature, the authority can generate a decent amount of revenue, which downsizes the overall cost of an election. To reduce the associated cost of transactions using smart contracts, our system implements a hybrid storage system where only a few cardinal data is stored in the blockchain network. In addition to improving the system’s security, a layer of biometric authentication is utilized to recognize voters and provide a fraud-free platform for voting online.
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North South University
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