Prospects and Problems of Conserving Endangered wildlife Species in Bangladesh through Captive Breeding Technique

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2020
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For thousands of years human species have been dominating the earth and disrupting the natural ecosystem by creating numerous chaos and destructive events after events. Habitat loss, habitat fragmentation and uncontrolled exploitation of natural resources are some vital reasons among many that are the root causes of species declination in wild. We have created immense pressure on earth’s natural system to tame our own selfish attributes which finally led to extinction of many species. Most of the Wildlife of Bangladesh is also facing similar fate. The mismanagement and over exploitation of natural resources are making the list of endangered species heavier every day. Due to these circumstances today some of the wild endangered species are brining inside captivity for their breeding because we failed to conserve them in wild. Hence, the study aims to investigate the progress and problems of those captive breeding program in Bangladesh. Bangladesh has initiated few programs of captive conservation of endangered species such as Gharial, Crocodiles, Batagurbaska, Asian Giant tortoises, Arakan Jungle kachimetc conservation in captivity. But there can be found unfortunate failures due to numerous difficulties and also success stories but in a very slow pace. Primary data based on key informant interview with semi-structured questionnaire shows that shortage of necessary funding, lack of skilled management techniques, poor conditioned space or ground, inadequate resources were manily responsible for captive breeding program failure. For example, Gharial conservation project which was an utter disappointment because the eggs got ruined for the lack of proper incubation system, on the other hand,” Batagur baska” and other four turtles conservation breeding in Bhawal has shown great progress and phenomenal success in the field of captive breeding conservation. Hence, the study calls for an urgent initiative to overcome the above mentioned problem for successful captive breeding program.
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Environmental Science and Management
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North South University
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